carpinus caroliniana leaf

Together with the blue-green leaf, it has endowed the tree with its American name Blue Beech. It has many common names, the most common include: blue beech because of its very smooth gray bark, and musclewood referring to its muscle-like branches which are irregularly fluted. Upright’ Description & Overview. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Genus: Carpinus. Fruit is a small ribbed nutlet, enclosed by 3-lobed bract, borne in pairs. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Carpinus caroliniana consists of two rather well-marked geographical races, treated here as subspecies. Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam, Ironwood Betulaceae. Carpinus caroliniana. It is a small, slow-growing, bushy tree with a spreading top of crooked or drooping branches. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. 1995-2020. Carpinus caroliniana Walt. The involucres are short stalked, usually three-lobed, though one lobe is often wanting; halberd-shaped, coarsely serrated on one margin, or entire. Carpinus caroliniana +, Musclewood, American Hornbeam, Blue-beech, Ironwood. Carpinus caroliniana. These hybridize or intergrade in a band extending from Long Island along the Atlantic coast through coastal Virginia and North Carolina, and then westward in northern South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The trunk is more or less angular and is usually crooked. American Hornbeam Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. "Blue beech" redirects here. 1788. Squirrels, rabbits, and beaver eat the seeds, wood, and bark. Key Info. It is also called ironwood for its very dense timber. Litter Issue is Dry Fruit. Distribution: Eastern North America. American hornbeam is a small tree reaching heights of 10–15 meters (35–50 ft), rarely 20 meters (65 ft), and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. alternate Carpinus caroliniana. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color.It is quite similar in scale and form to Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. Samaras, in pairs to 3-lobed cover sheet. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. Some trees, such as musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana), are easier to identify in the winter than any season because of their singular trunks. Sun to shade, an understory tree. Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 17. In 1985, a 41-foot-tall specimen of this tree was recorded in Hamilton County. It has a shallow, wide-spreading root system. Pronunciation: kar-PI-nus ka-ro-lin-i-A-na. Leaves, which turn yellow to red-orange in autumn, feel like felt. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Winter buds: Ovate, acute, chestnut brown. The flowers appear simultaneously with the leaf shoots. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Carpinus caroliniana. Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. Branchlets at first pale green, changing to reddish brown, ultimately dull gray. Edited by Susan M. Fraser and Sally Armstrong Leone. Soon the lead will stop flying and it will again be safe to go back into the Arkansas woods. The American hornbeam is also known as the blue beach. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario).[3][4]. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Common along the borders of streams and swamps, loves a deep moist soil. Carpinus caroliniana at the Missouri Botanical Garden. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida. The buds are brown and protrude from the twig. Family: Betulaceae. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The leaf underside is brighter. The wood is heavy and hard, and is used for tool handles,[4] longbows, walking sticks, walking canes and golf clubs. The branches are covered with ovate, serrated and prominently veined leaves, 2-5 in. Flower: Species is monoecious; males catkins yellow-green, 1 to 2 inches long, hanging; female … The grey bark sometimes has a blue sheen. All rights reserved. 1. Both flowers are yellow-green. Carpinus caroliniana on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants. Firespire® Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. To cite this image, use the following credit line: "Steven J. Baskauf http://bioimages.vanderbilt.edu/" If possible, link to the stable URL for … The bark is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. The tree likes Sun to shade at the location and the soil should be fresh humus soils. Bark: On old trees near the base, furrowed. Tree Size: 35-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, 1.5-2 ft (.5-.6 m) trunk diameter. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. It gets another common name, muscle tree, from the sinewy texture of its gray, fluted, smooth trunk. Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. The leaf margin is serrated. Carpinus caroliniana ( Blue Beech) A slow growing, small to medium sized species, a native of Missouri. They come out of the bud pale bronze green and hairy; when full grown they are dull deep green above, paler beneath; feather-veined, midrib and veins very prominent on under side. Carpinus caroliniana-- American Hornbeam Page 2 Crown uniformity: symmetrical canopy with a Figure 2. Carpinus caroliniana leaf fruit.jpg The fruit and smooth, muscular bark of the American hornbeam readily separate this tree from hop hornbeam. The leaf margin is doubly serrated with pointed teeth. Fruit: The fruit is a small wingless, ribbed nut that is subtended by a 3-lobed leaf-like bract that is 9/10" to 1 1/5" long. The leaves are alternate, 3–12 centimeters (1 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long, with prominent veins giving a distinctive corrugated texture, and a serrated margin. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Ultimate height 15m (49ft), spread 3m(10ft). The reference to muscle relates to the … Carpinus caroliniana is a medium sized tree whose genus is carpinus.It is a member of the betulaceae family. pH: 4.0 - 7.4 Native range: Eastern United States Other: Prefers shaded, moist soils. American hornbeam is a small tree reaching heights of 10–15 meters (35–50 ft), rarely 20 meters (65 ft), and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. The narrowest of the Carpinus betulus varieties, considerably narrower than the above two varieties. Carpinus caroliniana. Ideal for an avenue tree or for screening. Distribution: Eastern North America. Fruit: The fruit is a small wingless, ribbed nut that is subtended by a 3-lobed leaf-like bract that is 9/10" to 1 1/5" long. Medium-size tree with a rather irregular, almost round crown. Firespire® Musclewood is an excellent choice for […] Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Foliage is dark green with rough-edged leaves that hang on the tree late into the season. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The leaf base is wedged, sometimes unequal, and the tip tapers to a long point. The fruits are … Plant Type Deer browse the foliage and twigs, while game birds eat the nutlets.[6]. The lateral leaf veins of Ostrya are forked, while those of Carpinus are parallel and rarely forked. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Medium-size tree with a rather irregular, almost round crown. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 12 m (39 ft) high. This is sometimes called ironwood, a name better reserved for Ostrya.The straight unbranched lateral veins of the leaf may suggest those of beech, and the leaves are also plicate in the bud; however, the margins are doubly … Medium-size tree with a rather irregular, almost round crown. F. T. Metzger. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech. Leaf size is not uniform, with those near the ends of shaded branches reaching up to 6″ in length; leaves higher in the crown or farther back on the branches are much smaller. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. Musclewood is monoecious, producing separate male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on the same tree. Leaf Lore: The J.N. I purchased this 30 gallon tree in January 2018 from Buchanan's Native Plants in Houston. Carpinus caroliniana. The lateral leaf veins of Ostrya are forked, while those of Carpinus are parallel and rarely forked. The leaves are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, for example the Io moth (Automeris io). It is a member of the birch family, Betulaceae and is an understory tree, growing to only about 30’ in height. Hornbeams are somewhat slow-growing deciduous trees. The male and female catkins appear in spring at the same time as the leaves. Carpinus caroliniana: American Hornbeam 2 Description Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 20 to 30 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: oval Crown density: dense Growth rate: slow Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate, oblong Leaf … Carpinus caroliniana Walter, Fl. States east of the Rocky Mountains small tree, it has endowed the late. Of crooked or drooping branches readily separate this tree was recorded in Hamilton County rather well-marked races. Texas across to Florida ;... Summer foliage considerably narrower than the above two varieties ;... Bluish-Gray, and Musclewood early spring, yellow-green, female flowers mature gray. Transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots to 30 feet separate clusters ( catkins ) on tree. The blue-green leaf, it has endowed the tree with a Figure 2 trunk diameter simple, double-toothed equal... 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