festivals of sikkim wikipedia

[86] Power is also obtained from the National Thermal Power Corporation and Power Grid Corporation of India. The soil is coarse, with large concentrations of iron oxide; it ranges from neutral to acidic and is lacking in organic and mineral nutrients. The airport is located about 124 km (77 mi) from Gangtok, and frequent buses connect the two. In 2011, Sikkim's adult literacy rate was 82.2 per cent: 87.29 per cent for males and 76.43 per cent for females. The record for the longest period of continuous rain in Sikkim is 11 days. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal, resulting in the Gurkha War of 1814. [2] Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. Saga Dawa. One can see various kinds of traditional stuff and arts in the festival. [144] There is one Institute of National Importance,[145] one central university[146] and four private universities[147] in Sikkim offering higher education. Sikkim has more than 550 species of birds, some of which have been declared endangered. Privately run bus, tourist taxi, and jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri. The fauna of Sikkim include the snow leopard,[76] musk deer, Himalayan tahr, red panda, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, muntjac, common langur, Asian black bear, clouded leopard,[77] marbled cat, leopard cat,[78] dhole, Tibetan wolf, hog badger, binturong, and Himalayan jungle cat. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. Tucked away in the Himalayan Range in the North-Eastern corridor of India, this quaint little tourism hub revel in all the prismatic colours of nature throughout the year. The festival have been adapted from the traditions and rituals of the Tibetan New Year, Losar. As per the Buddhist calendar, the Sikkim festivals are celebrated with a lot of pomp and show throughout all these festivals the citizens of Sikkim indulge in vibrant and with its lively dances and music. Saga Dawa is the triple blessed festival. Every year during the summer i.e. Online media covering Sikkim include the Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the English news portal Haalkhabar and the literary magazine Tistarangit. The Lower Himalayas, lying in the southern reaches of the state, are the most densely populated. Pang Lhabsol. - General Knowledge Today", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Losoong_Festival&oldid=990978217, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Sikkim's Nepalese majority celebrate all major Hindu festivals, including Tihar (Diwali) and Dashain (Dashera). [89][90], The opening of the Nathu La pass on 6 July 2006, connecting Lhasa, Tibet, to India, was billed as a boon for Sikkim's economy. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.[109]. [141] Furthermore, the state receives regional editions of national English newspapers such as The Statesman, The Telegraph, The Hindu and The Times of India. [20] In historical Indian literature, Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of the war god Indra.[21]. [9], Modern Sikkim is a multiethnic and multilingual Indian state. [135] Sikkim's most popular sports are football and cricket, although hang gliding and river rafting have grown popular as part of the tourism industry. Himalaya Darpan, a Nepali daily published in Siliguri, is one of the leading Nepali daily newspapers in the region. to the north and the Indian province of West Bengal to its south. [143] There are a total of 1,157 schools in the state, including 765 schools run by the state government, seven central government schools and 385 private schools. [48] More than 60 people died in Sikkim alone, and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage.[49]. ATTC is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi. [69], Each of Sikkim's districts is overseen by a state government appointee, the district collector, who is in charge of the administration of the civilian areas of the district. Lepcha, the earliest inhabitants of the land have the following set of dances to be performed on religious or family functions. The state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and monsoon season. [102] The five-station line is intended to support both economic development and Indian Army operations and was initially planned to be completed by 2015,[103][104] though as of 2013 its construction has met with delays. [87][88] The Playwin lottery has been a notable success in the state. Trade through the pass remains hampered by Sikkim's limited infrastructure and government restrictions in both India and China, though the volume of traded goods has been steadily increasing.[91][92]. Phang Lhabsol is one of the most unique festivals of Sikkim, wad made renowned by ChakdorNamgyal, the 3rd ruler of Sikkim. The Indian Army has control over a large part of the state, as Sikkim forms part of a sensitive border area with China. [74], Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. [85] In 2003, Sikkim decided to fully convert to organic farming and achieved this goal in 2015 becoming India's first "organic state". [10] The state's economy is largely agrarian based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. If you want to witness the most kaleidoscopic riot of colours, you must visit Sikkim! [73] [7]. [40][unreliable source?] The state's first casino, the Casino Sikkim, opened in March 2009, and the government subsequently issued a number of additional casino licences and online sports betting licenses. The palace attempted to defuse the movement by appointing three secretaries from the SSC to the government and sponsoring a counter-movement in the name of Sikkim National Party, which opposed accession to India. Tibetans reside mostly in the northern and eastern reaches of the state. It also runs a host of distance education programs in diverse fields.[151]. [8], The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. The Bhutanese were driven away by the Tibetans, who restored the throne to the Chogyal ten years later. [128][129] The traditional religion of the Lepcha people is Mun, an animist practice which coexists with Buddhism and Christianity.[130]. [24] The Guru is reported to have blessed the land, introduced Buddhism, and foretold the era of monarchy that would arrive in Sikkim centuries later. In lower elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. [94][95] It has been constructed by the Airports Authority of India on 200 acres of land. Sikkim finds a unique [ citation needed ] place in the Indian Union in respect of her rich and unique culture and tradition and a melting pot of culture and traditions of various ethnic communities. Eight Mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. [127] The traditional religions of the native Sikkimese account for much of the remainder of the population. Losoong is the Sikkimese New Year,[1] of the Bhutia tribe, celebrated every year in the month of December. "Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System: Sikkim 1890–1973", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sikkim&oldid=991732328, States and territories established in 1975, Former British colonies and protectorates in Asia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox place symbols with unknown parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2017, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Tharpu Monsoon festival is being organized in during monsoon season in Sikkim. This is an auspicious festival celebrated in Aritar district of Sikkim. The “festival of lights” covers the entire state in the veil of glittering lamps, offering people an opportunity to remove darkness not only from their homes but, also from their souls. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. Amongst the Sikkim important festivals is the Sonam Lhochhar Festival, also spelled as Sonam Lhosar. Buddhism is followed by 27.4% of the population, while Christianity is followed by 9.9%. The festival is also called Sonam Losoong. Losar, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the Buddhist festivals celebrated in Sikkim. Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti, Sakela , Chasok Tangnam and Bhimsen Puja, are popular. losoong festival is very famous in eastern India. Following the subsequent defeat of Gorkha, the Chinese Qing dynasty established control over Sikkim. [107] In addition, the Ministry of Railways proposed plans in 2010 for railway lines linking Mirik in West Bengal to Namchi, Daramdin, Ranipool, and Gangtok. Sikkim has the third-highest per capita alcoholism rate amongst all Indian states, behind Punjab and Haryana. Some festivals in India symbolize the victory of good over evil and one such famous festival is Dussehra celebrated mostly in northern India. [67], Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. In 1975, after the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok, a referendum was held that led to the deposition of the monarchy and Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state. Celebration begins after the priest offers 'Chi-Fut', special alcohol, to the gods. [25] As a result, landslides are frequent, often isolating rural towns and villages from the major urban centres.[58]. According to the Constitution of India, Sikkim has a parliamentary system of representative democracy for its governance; universal suffrage is granted to state residents. [113][114], Sikkim is India's least populous state, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. Sikkim (/ˈsɪkɪm/; Nepali: [ˈsikːim]) is a state in northeastern India. The festival is conducted at the Phodong and Rumtek Monasteries in Sikkim. [50] For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the rocky, precipitous slopes. [16][17], The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house". The Dasain festival is the main festival of the Hindu Nepalese in Sikkim. In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. It is a traditional festival of the Bhutias, but the Lepchas also celebrate it and call it Namsoong. Chamling and his party had since held on to power by winning the 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections. Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. [37], Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party. Sikkim (Nepali: सिक्किम, Sikkimi: དེན་ཇོནྒ) has been a state in India since 1975. India is said to have stationed 20,000–40,000 troops in a country of only 200,000 during the referendum. [68] These four districts are further divided into 16 subdivisions; Pakyong, Rongli, Rangpo and Gangtok are the subdivisions of the East district. [30] The doctors were detained by the Sikkimese government, leading to a punitive British expedition against the kingdom, after which the Darjeeling district and Morang were annexed to British India in 1853. Such joyful feasts are the dancing festivals or chaams like Kagyat Dance, Enchey Chaam and Guthor Chaam. ", Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Four New Strategies to Grow the Organic Agriculture Sector", "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state", "Ban on styrofoam products and on use of mineral water bottles in government functions and meetings in Sikkim", "How Sikkim became the cleanest state in India", "Welcome to Sikkim – General Information", Rose, Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System 1978, Duff, Sikkim: Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom 2015, "Nehru accepted Tibet as a part of China: Rajnath", "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat", "Himalayan quake toll climbs to 116, 40 stranded foreign tourists rescued", "Earthquake toll over 80; India 68; as rescue teams reach quake epicentre", "First commission on study of glaciers launched by Sikkim", "Judge strengths in High Courts increased", "Sikkim Assembly election results 2019: Full list of winners", "Sikkim Assembly Elections 2019: All You Need to Know", "In Gangtok, Ganga Prasad takes oath as new Governor of Sikkim, replaces Shriniwas Patil", "Information of Foreign Tourist Interest", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Evaluating high-altitude Ramsar wetlands in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", "Indian online gambling market set to open up", "India China border trade at Nathu La closed for this year", "Sikkim's Pakyong airport stuns before it flies", "Sikkim's first airport to be ready by 2014", "First commercial flight lands at Pakyong", "Patel word on speedy airport completion—Sikkim hopes for spurt in tourist inflow", "Finally, Sevoke-Rangpo railway link on track", Indian Railways new Sivok-Rangpo rail project: Travel from West Bengal to Sikkim in just 2 hours, Very soon, travelling to Sikkim by train will be a possibility, "Sikkim becomes first state to achieve 100 percent sanitation", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "State-wise: Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate", "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "C-1 Population By Religious Community – Sikkim", "Sleepy capital comes alive to beats of GenX", "In the process of Constitutional democracy, Sikkim has not lagged behind-Governor", "Hon'ble Governor of Sikkim inaugurated "PARAM Kanchenjunga" at NIT Sikkim". Migrant resident communities include Bengalis, Biharis and Marwaris, who are prominent in commerce in South Sikkim and Gangtok. [140], The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. According to their tradition the festival of … Festivals of Sikkim . The Sikkim Herald is an official weekly publication of the government. Channels served are largely the same as those available in the rest of India, although Nepali-language channels are also available. You can also enjoy the scenic view of Kanchenjunga while you dance to the tunes of folk songs during this festival. In 1975, the Prime Minister of Sikkim appealed to the Indian Parliament for Sikkim to become a state of India. The festival is celebrated with a view to paying tribute to Mt. [47] The pass, which had previously been closed since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, was an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. After the offering to gods the effigy of the demon King is burnt. Sikkim has 75 Buddhist monasteries, the oldest dating back to the 1700s. The roads in southern Sikkim are in relatively good condition, landslides being less frequent in this region. Following Indian independence, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the Union of India after 1947, and the Republic of India after 1950. Ten years later internet cafés are well established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the of! The tunes of folk songs during this festival 63 ] the forested regions of Sikkim License ; terms... District capitals are Gangtok, Mangan, Namchi the monsoon, heavy rains increase the risk of.... Buddhism was the state. [ 58 ] the splendor of Sikkim a popular.! 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