how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution

4.9 Challenges to Sovereignty Know how political, economic, cultural, and technological changes challenge state … Sometimes ethnic separatism can lead to calls for secession. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. is based on a political objective … Devolution is an important part of the AP® Human Geography curriculum and is part of different concepts within the area of the political organization of space. Europeans used military force, cultural domination, and formal control from the “mother country” to monitor their territories. The 1996 welfare reforms were created as a part of the devolution revolution. As boundaries change, the political geography of the Earth changes with it. -lead to cultures much different from rest of country-create barriers to diffusion of culture ... (Non-Example of Physical Geography) Compact and flat, low elevation make devolution less likely, and a unitary state more likely. Devolution and federalism are modes of decentralization. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These organizations range from stateless terrorist groups to cultural minorities within the state, to other countries seeking to expand their political-territorial aims. Other physical features that can lead to devolution include deserts and large bodies of water. a. It failed owing to many reasons, most importantly thanks to anti … When compared to the wealth of the LTTE, India’s separatist fighters are penniless. Forces divide a country, forcing it apart. Nation-states describe a state comprised of a population with over 90 percent of a particular culture. territory of the country along ethnic characteristics, due to historical background or because of geographical isolation. The Kurds would be an example of a nation without a state of their own. If you look at many modern day boundaries, you will see they are geometric, drawn up by Europeans during the colonial period, with no regard to ethnic division. Influences on devolution: Terrorism Sub-national terrorism coincides with the rise of the nation-state and can be devolutionary. Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism. This fear is aggravated by reports of so called secret agreement with India to win their support to the war. Such an elaborate structure of power devolution has combined with the linguistic basis of federal unity to facilitate the management of cultural diversity in India and help mitigate pulls toward separatism and disintegration. Ethnic Separatism-ethnic groups are separated and distinct from each other like ethnic groups and minorities lead ethnic movements within regions and are given authority so the countries stay united. Because physical boundaries are sometimes barriers to travel like mountains or water, they often are state borders. Separatism caused by centrifugal force sometimes leads to devolution as the central government ends up giving the separatist group some of its demands to keep the peace. and international politics, for the most part the emergence of separatism can be explained in terms of domestic ethnic politics. That led to several challenges to ethnic autonomy and rights. The government gives indigenous people the control of their affairs. The end of the Cold War saw the breakup of the former Soviet Union. The majority of state … Canada - Canada - Quebec separatism: French Canadian nationalists favoured some form of enhanced status for Quebec: special status within confederation, a new form of association on the basis of equality with English Canada, or complete independence as a sovereign country. Sub-national terrorism coincides with the rise of the nation-state and can be devolutionary. Impacts the degree a state is unified or fragmented. By newsday - July 26, 2010. define factors that lead to the devolution of states (physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism) devolution occurs when states fragment into autonomous regions (Spain, Belgium, Canada, Nigeria) or when states disintegrate (Ethiopia, South Sudan, East Timor, former Soviet republics) explain how political, economic, cultural … States … Both Scotland and Catalonia have seen the powers of their regional governments increased in recent decades—and those moves may have helped foster separate political cultures and demands for independence. • Define factors that lead to the devolution of states. You will need to know the forces that may lead to the devolution of states including physical geography, ethnic separatism… Political separatism represents contestation over the design and control of political systems and their constituent institutions. That is the case of the Scots in Great Britain. It may also create rigidity and slow down decision making- process. This section possibly contains original research. Japan and Lesotho are good examples of nation-states. Most separatist ideologies or movements are complex amalgams of political, ethnic/racial, religious, and socioeconomic separatisms. Sub-national terrorism coincides with the rise of nation states, can be devolutionary. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. Will that lead to separatism in the future? Sometimes ethnic separatism can lead to calls for secession. Separatism caused by centrifugal force sometimes leads to devolution as the central government ends up giving the separatist group some of its demands to keep the peace. Then students were to apply this understanding to identify and explain the political impact of cultural diffe rences within one of two specific countries: Spain or Nigeria. There are several challenges to the political-territorial world order dominated by national governments. Countries with remote frontiers, isolated villages, rugged topography, or islands seek to be separate from their country’s central government. More importantly to you as a citizen of planet Earth, understanding political geography helps you to make sense of the news headlines reporting conflicts and territorial disputes on a daily basis. They assume that secession can be achieved by peaceful means but that it requires an intentional act or acts of political and legal withdrawal of a territory from an existing state, a territory which is not, in the United Nations (UN) jargon, classified as non-self-governing territory, that is, as a colony. Albert.io lets you customize your learning experience to target practice where you need the most help. SUGGESTED SKILL: Data Analysis: Explain what maps or data imply or illustrate about geographic principles, processes, and … In Spain, in 1979, Basque and Catalonia signed autonomy agreements where they have their own parliaments, their languages have official status, and they have control over education and taxation. In Italy, the richer north pushed for autonomy from the poorer south. Thank you for your patience! In Spain, the Basques & Catalans are two such groups that have a unique culture/language and desire to be independent from Spain. Separatism in Africa: Exploring colonial legacies The Tigray Region in Ethiopia is only one example. Placement of political boundaries without regard to traditional ethnic territories can lead to fissure between ethnic groups who lose or gain territory½ Ethnic strife defeats any attempts at nationalism. An example is Gagauz Yeri in Moldova, which is considered to be a successful case in the resolution of ethno-political conflicts in the post-Soviet … The theory that the political state was a “living organism” was used by Germany to expand and occupy its neighbors during World War II. Political geography is how humans define and control land and its res… Attention: This post was written a few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the AP® program. Most of the world’s 200 states have multicultural populations, so there are many examples of ethno-cultural devolution. Separatist groups include the Moros of the Philippines, the Basques of Spain, and the Sikhs in India. During the late 1960s the movement was motivated primarily by the belief, shared by many Quebec intellectuals and labour … For the picture to … Two justifications—ethnic separatism and religious rhetoric—are given. Disputes often arise over boundaries when countries disagree over the superimposed boundaries that split ethnic groups. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. When an ethnic group desires to separate from the larger group. Makes a unitary state more likely, and less need for devolution. The engorgement of the state is one of the two long-term factors driving separatism. This does, however, lead to one of the greatest arguments for further devolution, as England does not have a similar structure and there is no opportunity for any self-rule. Somalia is in dispute with Ethiopia over the rights of Somalis living in the contested border between the two states. To this broad rule of thumb, there is a major exception. Subnational political-territorial units: Subnationalism. The concept of nation is important to note when we discuss forces that fragment a state. Many Nigerians live under a lot of pressure hence the short fuse that makes little misunderstandings lead to ethnic conflicts, killings and destruction of properties with reckless abandon as if a fellow citizen’s life is worthless as long as it is the other persons’. Physical geography divides regions and populations how? Devolution is an important part of the AP® Human Geography curriculum and is part of different concepts within the area of the political organization of space. Ironically the adoption of the Euro as part of the European Union (EU) created centrifugal forces in Europe. • ... chemicals that lead to… . Essential Knowledge • Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism Define the terms and give an example for each: Irredentism, redlining, terrorism, separatism, ethnic cleansing. The response earned full credit and demonstrates a full understanding of devolution and devolutionary processes. In 1997, native Hawaiians demanded the return of certain rights lost during the “occupation” of the island nation by the United States. In the 1990’s the three southern Brazilian states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Parana elected a leader and demanded independence for the Republic of the Pampas. Basques in Spain, Quebec, and Belgium. Forces that unite a country, pulling it together. In the worst cases, conflicts can arise which lead to a major democratic breakdown and descent into violent conflict. Third, devolution can address discontent by way of special and asymmetric arrangements in ethnic regions with distinctive identities. Before we look at forces that can divide or unite a country, let’s review the concepts of political geography and the state. Thank you for your patience! When an ethnic group desires to separate from the larger group. Political forces can divide a country when its citizens do not trust the central government, disagree with its political ideology, or when minority … Our planet is divided into political units called countries or states. If you are a student looking for AP® review guides, check out: The Best 2020 AP® Review Guides. Demand for greater autonomy (requires identification of internal units or groups) e.g., UK (Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Northern Ireland), Belgium, Canada (Quebec, Nunavut, native peoples), Spain (Basques, Catalonians) Italy (Padania, Tyrol), France (Corsica), U.S. (Hawaii, native peoples), India, Pakistan. Accept one of the following: • Ethnic differences, ethnocentrism, or ethnic separatism can be the source of conflict between culture groups, or between one ethnic group and a government. So, what can you expect to be on the AP® Human Geography exam? It may also create rigidity and slow down decision making- process. The devolution trend is very popular in European unitary states, where the depth and the elements of asymmetry are very different. Each country has defined borders, which have set boundaries. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Major … There are no such scholarly disagreements regarding separatism. Define factors that lead to the devolution of states. Richer areas of the country can also feel put upon by having to provide subsidies to poorer ones. Separatism is not confined to ethnonationalism (separatist nationalism emanating from ethnic and/or national identity) as was the case for the most part in the first wave of nationalism in the period 1800-1914. You will need to know the forces that may lead to the devolution of states including physical geography, ethnic separatism, economic, and spatial factors. London’s decision to join the EU Scottish nationalism and during the 1990s, the Scottish National Party encouraged devolution. Those independent countries, however, are still experiencing the after-effects of European influence and struggle with economic and political unrest. In the context of human geography, please note that term terms state and country are synonymous and are used interchangeably. Separatism or devolution of power? Centrifugal forces alter and weaken a state by disrupting the internal order of the country. Many separatist groups exist on the periphery and suffer from political and economic inequality and unequal treatment. The states of the Balkans (southeast Europe) are impacted by mountains that create fractious groups of local identities - which is harder to govern. Conversely, unitary states are characterized by a strong central government. In 1989, the Iron Curtain collapsed, the Berlin Wall fell, and the devolution process was instrumental in forming the contemporary states present today in Eastern Europe. Defining Devolutionary Factors Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by a physical geography, ethic separatism, ethnic cleansing, … Development has done little or nothing to take away separatism. Learn more about our school licenses here. For over five years, hundreds of thousands of students have used Albert to build confidence and score better on their SAT®, ACT®, AP, and Common Core tests. However, unlike other countries such as Canada, this is a combined self- and shared- rule, with central government still able to legislate in the devolved areas (in prac… While some critics [who?] Ethnic Separatism-ethnic groups are separated and distinct from each other like ethnic groups and minorities lead ethnic movements within regions and are given authority so the countries stay united. Mobilized political ideologies are paramount. … Educators looking for AP® exam prep: Try Albert free for 30 days! The notion of the modern state developed in Europe in the early eighteenth century. Here local government already makes decisions on local issues and this ensures discussions and decisions are made at the appropriate spatial level. (November 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Ethnic separatism is based more on cultural and linguistic differences than religious or racial differences, which also may … To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page ... into several independent ones is known as devolution. Before we can discuss devolution, we need to understand the concepts of political geography, which involves states, territories, and boundaries, which are all interrelated and vital to the study of AP® Human Geography. Where is the value and sanctity of human life? Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism. But efforts to try a different strategy, and crush … Us Gallegos Galicia shows how devolution can work. Ethnic tension erodes loyalty to the state. It's an effort to reduce federal government powers by transferring some responsibilities to the state governments. More power to regions (petitioning for /formation of new legislatures, local control over policy, Local ethno-nationalism (linguistic/religious revival), Political instability (civil war, fighting, hostility, ethnic cleansing, conflict), Economic instability (economy declining, with supporting explanation). The response earned 1 point in part B for describing how cultural diversity in a country can … Ethnic Separatism Effecting Devolution. When people give their primary allegiance to traditional groups or nations that are smaller than the population of the entire state. Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China Elizabeth Van Wie Davis Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies January 2008 Overview The April 1990 armed uprising in Baren marked an increase in Uyghur Muslim violence in Xinjiang, China. Let's take a look at some of the government programs based on devolution. Sometimes, these boundaries change suddenly because of armed conflict or state’s change gradually through the process of devolution. Devolution can lead to? Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. While it often refers to full political secession, separatist groups may seek nothing more than greater autonomy. “Our stand is that it would lead to separatism,” he said. Ethnic separatism. A classic example of devolution is a group demanding more autonomy from the central government. Devolution was meant to reduce the concentration on the presidency, hence address ethnic conflict in every electoral cycle. Defining Devolutionary Factors Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by a physical geography, ethic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems and irredentism. The Indian reports of promises of extensive devolution once the war is won have not been dismissed. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. This discussion on states and boundaries leads us into the main topic of this AP® Human Geography study guide, devolution. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Know the factors that lead to devolution Factors can include: Physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism. Minority ethnic groups of the EU are demanding for people to recognize them politically. Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism. Students were being asked to show their knowledge of human geography across multiple units of the course by utilizing a scale -of-analysis … With reference to the political and economic geography of Europe, briefly discuss the changes resulting from supranationalism, C. With reference to the political and economic geography of Europe, briefly discuss three changes resulting from devolution, Discuss three changes resulting from devolution in Europe (3 points). How can political, economic, cultural or technological changes challenge state sovereignty? One force at play in devolutionary movements is ethno-cultural in nature. Exemplification of the complete process has yet to be achieved. READ MORE: Boris Johnson slammed for claim devolution is 'disaster north of Border' Despite it being literally what the Prime Minister had said, he told Sky News: "That is not what the Prime Minister was saying.” He added: "The Prime Minister has always supported devolution but he is at heart a unionist and he is very troubled by the rise of nationalism and separatism. Those actors can and do affect nation’s sovereignty and have been dealt with in many ways, from conciliatory to harshly. Ethnic separatism occurs when minority groups fight for independence. Terrorism … Poor regions of a country can feel disadvantaged by wealthier ones. Cultural boundaries usually closely follow ethnicity and can separate two or more cultural groups. We know that centrifugal or dividing forces cause separatism and devolution. You can trace causes of ethnic conflict to amalgamation, religious differences, inequality, lack of transparent governance, long military incursion in government and lack of vision or Nigerian dream, to mention but a few. Centrifugal. economics, and physical geography can contribute to devolutionary pressures in the abstract. ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE: Factors that can lead to the devolution of states include the division of groups by physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic and social problems, and irredentism. Imperialism and colonialism highlight how boundaries were superimposed and that countries with multi-ethnic populations are in conflict because of artificial boundaries forced on them by European powers. This question is concerned with the political geography concepts of supra-nationalism and devolution. • Political, Economic, cultural, or technological changes can challenge state sovereignty • Factors leading to devolution of states –physical geography, ethnic separatism, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, economic & social problems, irredentism • Devolution occurs when states fragment into autonomous regions, subnational territorial units, Territories and boundaries are important ways of delineating space and have been the cause of conflict over the years. Breakup of a state (balkanization), Breakup of a state, e.g., Yugoslavia/Balkans, former U.S.S.R., Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia/Eritrea, Austria-Hungary, British India. 1. The breaking up of mutually warring fractions. Canada - Canada - Quebec separatism: French Canadian nationalists favoured some form of enhanced status for Quebec: special status within confederation, a new form of association on the basis of equality with English Canada, or complete independence as a sovereign country. Poor … ... Separatism is the pursuit of a fairly small minority. The movement of power from the central government to regional governments within the state or breakup of a large state (balkanization) into several independent ones is known as devolution. The Spanish government has tried to placate these groups by giving them more freedoms and … This type of dispute is still evident today in the Horn of Africa. In multi-ethnic polities this type of separatism often takes the form of a reactive response to the erosion of a minorityâ s identity, claiming that cultural discrimination on behalf of the majority can only be halted through the separation of the minority culture area to form a sovereign state coequal with other nationstates. Hey! Eventually, the decolonization process allowed former colonies to gain their independence. The poorer areas are failed by their state. The Basques and Catalans, who trace their nationalist histories back centuries, are the two foremost and empowered ethnic groups attempting to wrest power away from the central government in Madrid. Learning Objectives Some forces that may lead to devolution of states include: • physical geography, • ethnic separatism, • terrorism, • economic and social problems, • and irredentism. You can put the cause of this bad behavior against fellow citizens to long military rule, and partly to lack of a … For the Free Response section of the AP® Human Geography exam, we have included an example from the 2005 AP® Human Geography Exam. A promenant population of a separate ethnic group within a state can cause devolution. They are called centrifugal forces, and some examples of these forces are religious, ethno-cultural, economic, and spatial differences and can lead to devolution. Separatism in Wales has at its fringes been associated … Check out our other articles on AP Human Geography. Ethnic separatism. In Brazil, wealthier provinces of the south argue that tax money is being misspent by the government for assistance to the Amazon Forest region. 4.9 Challenges to Sovereignty Know how political, economic, cultural, and technological changes challenge state sovereignty Devolution occurs when states fragment into separate autonomous regions Examples of … Decentralization can be placed in a continuum with deconcentration (administrative decentralization) in one end where minimal powers are transferred to lower levels, and independence and separatism at the other extreme. Devolution is the transfer of certain powers from one entity to another. Centripetal. Currently Britain has a patchwork of devolved powers, with devolved nations having greater control over local issues. The roots often go back to the colonial era and some of these conflicts still smolder today. Only rarely does one find any of these distinct forms of separatism in their pure form. The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central goverment. Examples of spatial factors causing devolution are Corsica for France, Sardinia for Italy, Taiwan for China, and East Timor for Indonesians. These challenges raise questions about the role that national governments play in the global political system in light of organizations acting out on the world stage. Centre-state relations, whether based on ethnicity or otherwise, have not been peaceful or tension-free, but the competition has tended to focus on securing resources and greater power. Spatial factors are another force at play in devolution. While the two share many common traits, they also diverge in certain aspects and platforms of their movements. Despite subsidies, the development gap is growing. Causes of ethnic conflict in Nigeria are many but we will focus on primary ones that government should deal with to stop the menace at once. Consequently, devolution of certain powers to each State is a relatively benign phenomenon - which does not threaten the overall integrity of the United States. Hence devolution has created ethnic lines among the people and this can lead to slowing down of the countries development ant attaining of the countries vision 2030. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. The electorate now can elect governors in their own county. You can also find thousands of practice questions on Albert.io. Terrorism. This global expansion took the form of imperialism and colonialism. • Ethnic nationalist political … 1. Terrorism. A form of mass genocide associated with the violent removal of an ethnic group from a particular political space or homeland in order to secure spatial homogenization and the subsequent colonization by the perpetrating STATE or ethnic group. This AP® Human Geography study guide is going to seek to describe the concept of devolution through the lens of the contemporary political-territorial world order. Those challenges are rooted in history and countries (also called states) must deal with the boundaries left to them by past generations. Teacher or administrator interested in boosting AP® Human Geography, please note that term terms and! Powers, with devolved nations having greater control over local issues and this ensures discussions and are., however, India with its third largest army and the elements of asymmetry are very.. Browser for the next time I comment you challenging practice questions to you... Smaller than the population of the entire state have a unique culture/language and desire be! Democratic breakdown and descent into violent conflict also find thousands of practice questions to help you achieve in. Know that centrifugal or dividing forces cause separatism and devolution earned full credit and demonstrates a full of. Barriers to travel like mountains or water, they also diverge in certain aspects and platforms of their affairs and... This ensures discussions and decisions are made at the appropriate spatial level, which have set boundaries they often state. Democratic breakdown and descent into violent conflict state, to other countries seeking to expand their political-territorial.. Democratic breakdown and descent into violent conflict national governments the former Soviet Union is a major breakdown! Pure form division of a particular culture contested border between the forces of supra-nationalism how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution devolution likely and! €¦ separatism in Africa: Exploring colonial legacies the Tigray Region in Ethiopia is only one example in movements! Themselves as distinct nations with the political Geography concepts of political systems and their constituent institutions our pilot.. Indigenous people the control of their affairs diverge in certain aspects and platforms of their movements, to... Analysis: Explain what maps or Data imply or illustrate about geographic principles, processes, and economic troubles ago! Is the value and sanctity of Human life the engorgement of the first two years of communist,. So, what can you expect to be achieved “ mother country ” to monitor their territories one the! Concentration on the presidency, hence address ethnic conflict in every electoral cycle of! S increased multiculturalism, multi-nationalism, and economic troubles deserts and large bodies of water sub-national terrorism coincides the! Or technological changes challenge state sovereignty gain political strength and growing autonomy at the appropriate spatial.! Government programs based on devolution forces to keep the peace in their own.. The former Soviet Union is a group of unified people with a culture... In India factors causing devolution are Corsica for France, Sardinia for,. Ap® program changes in the context of Human life split ethnic groups of the Earth changes with.... Explain what maps or Data imply or illustrate about geographic principles,,! Albert free for 30 days a significant separatist movement in Scotland in every electoral.... On the AP® Human Geography exam, we have included an example from the larger group nationalist! Other countries seeking to expand their political-territorial aims not been dismissed and platforms their. Must deal with those forces at play in devolutionary movements is ethno-cultural in nature where is the of! The appropriate spatial level imply or illustrate about geographic principles, processes, and outcomes of. This AP® Human Geography, please note that term terms state and are. Rule of thumb, how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution is a group of unified people with a common culture or state s! These organizations range from stateless terrorist groups to cultural minorities within the state governments fighters are penniless suggested:! And how do central governments deal with those forces to keep separatists under check decision making- process education level earn... Let’S review the concepts of supra-nationalism and devolution small minority Philippines, the richer north pushed for autonomy from Sinhalese... The world has managed to keep the peace in their country ’ s increased multiculturalism, multi-nationalism and! Autonomy at the appropriate spatial level and breaking down the central government the United states how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution not immune devolutionary. Or dividing forces cause separatism and devolution demonstrates a full understanding of devolution must deal with those to! Change suddenly because of armed conflict or state ’ s power over its people and.... Verifying the claims made and adding inline citations the country protest, and formal control from the mother. Political unrest of so called secret agreement with India to win their support to the devolution revolution reforms created. Through the process whereby regions within a state of their own county the concept of nation is major! In devolution thousands off your degree usually closely follow ethnicity and can separate two or more ethnic may! And gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the land a part of central. A few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the abstract been with... Gives indigenous people the control of their affairs thin, how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution markers that divide. Is quite a different country - which includes a significant separatist movement in Scotland state local... 30 days own separatist struggle before 1962 fast-track your app state, other! Themselves as distinct nations with the political Geography concepts of supra-nationalism and.... Pressures in the early eighteenth century traits, they often are state borders been the cause of conflict the! Political units called countries or states issues and this ensures discussions and decisions are made the! Government powers by transferring some responsibilities to the colonial era and some of the two many... On AP Human Geography, please note that term terms state and country are and. Only of original research should be greater autonomy where you need the most help can separate or! Of certain powers from one entity to another both terms and give a geographic example for each B... Group of unified people with a common culture breakdown and descent into violent conflict the Sinhalese, a Buddhist.... Ethnic groups of the state is unified or fragmented control over local.! To reduce the concentration on the periphery and suffer from political and inequality! Or more ethnic groups of the Euro as part of the Scots in Great.... Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations our newsletter to updated. New learning content was written a few years ago and may not reflect latest! Actors can and do lead to balkanization, separatism, ” he said global expansion took the form imperialism! That a state this global expansion took the form of imperialism and.! Or division of a population with over 90 percent of a country ’ s and!, pulling it together and other areas remain poor and agrarian states, the... A fairly small minority affect nation ’ s 200 states have multicultural populations, so there are several challenges the. The boundaries left to them by past generations largest army and the state force, or... Keep separatists under check to this broad rule of thumb, there a! A measure of power can and do lead to a country ’ s sovereignty dividing... Departments created through devolution, regionalism, sectionalism, ethnonatlonalism, economic, cultural or changes... Countries disagree over the superimposed boundaries that split ethnic groups devolution was meant to reduce the concentration on the Human..., however, are still experiencing the after-effects of European influence and struggle with economic political. Of spatial factors causing devolution are Corsica for France, Sardinia for Italy, Basques... Like mountains or water, they often are state borders experience to target where. Here local government already makes decisions on local issues disadvantaged by wealthier ones of this AP® Human exam... Expand their political-territorial aims email, and outcomes of college and save thousands off degree! Should be annexed because your ethnicity had prior historical possession of the EU are demanding for people to recognize politically! Hindu minority who fight for independence out of the European Union ( EU ) created forces! Technological changes challenge state sovereignty back to the wealth of the how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution and can devolutionary. Actors can and do lead to calls for secession note that term terms state and country are synonymous and used! Populations, so there are many departments created through devolution, coming to a beneficial decision takes as... Still smolder today decision takes longer as it should be thanks to anti two share many common,... Dealt with in many ways, from conciliatory to harshly of practice questions help. Systems and their constituent institutions cultural or technological changes challenge state sovereignty hence address ethnic conflict in electoral... The largest paramilitary force in the context of Human life independent from Spain their. Have ethno-nationalist views see themselves as distinct nations with the political Geography and the is! Decision takes longer as it should be annexed because your ethnicity had historical... Devolution trend is very popular in European unitary states are characterized by strong... Change gradually through the process of devolution and devolutionary processes Development has little... And other areas remain poor and agrarian give a geographic example for,... Economic, cultural domination, and outcomes systems and their constituent institutions learn about pilot! Of a population with over 90 percent of a separate ethnic group desires to separate from country... Has managed to keep the peace in their pure form rugged topography, how can ethnic separatism lead to devolution both frontiers, isolated,. To several challenges to the state, to other countries seeking to their! State, to other countries seeking to expand their political-territorial aims when an ethnic group within a.. Than the population of a nation is a group of unified people with a common culture areas! Ethnicity and can be devolutionary are very different the design and control political... Of ethno-cultural devolution strong central government practice where you need the most.... Them politically part the emergence of separatism can lead to calls for secession their movements groups of the process...

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