mango mealy bug scientific name

Pruthi HS; Mani MS, 1945. Distribution :- India, Bangladesh, China and South East Asia The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Waterhouse DF, 1993. Scientific Name. Annals of Forestry. Since mealybugs (as well as all other Hemiptera) are hemimetabolous insects, they do not undergo complete metamorphosis in the true sense of the word. Williams DJ, 1989. Scales and mealybugs (Coccoidea: Hemiptera) infesting Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre and their population dynamics in Karnataka, India. In 1914, Q. perniciosus became the first documented case of insecticide resistance. Eggs hatch in December–January and nymphs start ascending the trees to succulent shoots and the bases of fruiting parts. Both nymphs and adults of this small insect are considered to be a very destructive pests on field crops, vegetables and greenhouse plants. Stem borer 7 … Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India, Entomology series, 2:15-46. Parasites and predators of insect pests of mango. It originated in Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world. Pest species in field crops include peanut mealybug and solenopsis mealybug. Remarks on Indian scale insects (Coccidae), part III. In 2010, in the Mid-Atlantic United States, $37 million in apple crops were lost, and some stone fruit growers lost more than 90% of their crops. 1995. Common Name. [2] As a result, the infested inflorescences dry up, affects the fruit set, causing fruit drop. This is a polyphagous insect which also damages the agronomic crops (cotton, maize, pigeon pea) and … Originating in Europe and Asia, it has spread to North America. Apple, Haden, Keitt, Kent, Ngowe and Tommy Atkins are important cultivarsfor the export markets. The mealybug genus Rastrococcus Ferris (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Proceedings of the National Seminar on Entomophagous Insects, Calicut. Between April and May, purple-colored eggs are laid in egg-sacs consisting of a mass of wax threads, in the loose soil around (within 2–3 m radius) the infested mango trees. Annual Report, Department of Agriculture, Tanganyika Territory, 1934, 73-83. In its native habitat it is kept in check by natural predators or pathogens. Subsequently, their impact negatively influences economic growth within the regions in which they inhabit. Ben-Dov Y, 1994. Oriental mealybug parasitoids of the Anagyrini (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Part V. London, UK: Dulou & Co, 347-472. Tanganyika Territory, 34-40. Coimbatore, India: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, 249-253. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81(2):147-150. FS: fact sheet CP: contingency plan DP: diagnostic protocol The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in South-East Asia. The adult male is about 1 mm long; the female is slightly larger, about 1.4 mm in length. Report upon scale insects collected in China (Homoptera:Coccoidea) Part V. Microentomology, 19:51-66. Our knowledge of the insect and mite pests of citrus in India and their control. They have a relatively large geographical distribution and are a known pest of many agricultural “cash” crops such as cocoa, cashew, and tea. Scientific name - Drosicha mangiferae. feeders and . Nymphs go through stages of 1st instar (45–71 days), 2nd instar (18–38 days) and 3rd instar (15–26 days). Indian Journal of Forestry, 14(4):253-260, Pramanik A; Ghose SK, 1991. There are 18 pairs of short waxy filaments around the margin of the body. High priority pest of: Bananas Scientific name: Rastrococcus spinosus and R. invadens EPPRD Category: Life Form: Stink bugs, aphids, mealybugs, scale, whiteflies & hoppers (HEMIPTERA) Pest Documents. Males are active fliers and have only two wings. Jaydeep Halder, Debjani Dey, Rai A B, 2019. Sundararaj R, Devaraj R, 2010. in nurseries and young plantations. Males are rare, and are always pale yellow, while females vary in color, often by season, from red to yellow to dark brown. Page menu options: 1. Each adult is elongated and thin, with two pairs of long wings. Adelphocoris lineolatus, is commonly known as the Lucerne bug or the alfalfa plant bug, and belongs to the family Miridae. Under the project, observation of data on Real Time Pest Dynamics was recorded at weekly interval from 120 mango orchards in six different mango growing belt viz. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Preferred Scientific Name; Rastrococcus iceryoides Preferred Common Name; mango mealy bug Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Metazoa … These bugs also exude honey dew over the mango tree leaves, on which sooty mold fungus develops reducing the photosynthetic efficiency of the tree. New host record of Rastrococcus iceryoides (Green, 1908) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an emerging pest of Arecanut from West Bengal, India. Scientific Monograph. Hayat M, 1986. Pillai SRM; Gopi KC; Salarkhan AM; Pankajam S, 1991. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. It is an agricultural pest causing vast amounts of damage to numerous crops, but primarily to alfalfa crops around the globe. Scientific Name Rastrococcus invadens Scientific Author Williams, 1986 Taxonomy (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) Status Exotic species - absent from Australia Reliability High Download PDF. Environment and Ecology, 8(1A):137-142. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Mealy Bug . Leaf webber 5-6 6. Report of the Entomologist, 1934. ... Mango mealybugs Drosicha mangiferae. Ritchie AH, 1935. Aspidiotus destructor, the coconut scale, is a species of armoured scale insect in the family Diaspididae, found in many tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. The nymph is yellowish in color with red eyes. Mango hopper Biology. In the United States it is known as California red scale. Although it has two pairs of wings, it jumps more than it flies. Hosts. Several viruses in the ampelovirus group are associated with pineapple mealybug wilt disease, and are spread by these Dysmicoccus species. It is a pest of citrus crops, and is commonly known as the citrus blackfly because of its slate-blue colour. Host-plant relationships and natural enemies of the invasive mealybug, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Ceroputo iceryoides (Green) Lindinger, 1958, Dactylopius (Pseudococcus) obtusus Newstead, 1911, Phenacoccus obtusus (Newstead) Lindinger, 1913, Rastrococcus cappariae Avasthi & Shafee, 1983. Report upon scale insects collected in China (Homoptera:Coccoidea) Part V. Microentomology. 14 (4), 433-486. The name mealybug is descriptive of the insect’s body, which is covered by a white sticky powder resembling cornmeal. Ferris G F, 1954. The nymphs and females suck plant sap from inflorescences, tender leaves, shoots and fruit peduncles. Its host plants include grapes, stone fruits, and Malus species, although its preferred host is Ailanthus altissima. It is recorded from Fiji, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, and Samoa. Mealy bug 2-3 3. A'Brook J, 1964. "Toxicity of some insecticides to control mango mealybug. Noyes JS; Hayat M, 1994. Dorsicha mangiferae is the most common mealy bug and causes severe damage to mango crop throughout the country. [publisher?? The leaves of the tree are are shiny and dark green. International Pest Control, 32(2):39-41. USDA, Agriculture Handbook No 480, 75-77. It is found on a number of different hosts, including economically important tropical fruit trees and various ornamental plants. Parasites and predators introduced against arthropod pests. Distribution. It is seen that female mealy bugs are more destructive than male mealy bugs 20 (1), 110-116. Begonia Anon., 1996 Beta vulgaris 4 Beetroot Anon., 1996 Bidens pilesa Railway daisy Anon., 1996 Bignonia sp. DOI:10.1007/s40009-018-0729-8. Aleurotrachelus atratus better known as the palm-infesting whitefly is an invasive species that affects coconut palms. Ayyar TVR, 1940. Mango mealybug (Drosicha mangiferae), is a pest of mango crops in Asia. Ritchie AH, 1928. Yunus A, Ho T H, 1980. With a catalogue of all species hitherto recorded from the Indian continent. However, male mealybugs do exhibit a radical change during their life cycle, changing from wingless, ovoid nymphs to wasp-like flyi… Waterhouse DF, 1993. A total of nine mealy bug species have been reported on citrus including D. mangiferae from Nagpur region of Maharashtra, India. NHM, 1989. The Indomalesian genus Mangifera, a member of the family Anacardiaceae, contains … Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Scientific name: Planococcus citri . E. decipiens is commonly referred to as the “green leafhopper” because of its colouration. Annals of Entomology, 9(1):25-30. Ramachandran S; Ayyar TVR, 1934. Record of mango mealybug, Rastrococcus iceryoides (Green) (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) on Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre in Karnataka. New records of parasites and predators of important insect pests of mango. Planococcus lilacinus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) ... , lilac mealybug. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 40:140-144. A new genus and species of coccinellid (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) predator on Rastrococcus spp. A new species of Rastrococcus Ferris (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) from India. Coconut mealybug, spiked mealybug. Current Science, 47(13):467-468, Tandon PL; Srivastava RP, 1980. Maconellicoccus hirsutus, is a pest of many plants, trees, and shrubs. The pest forms colonies on the host plant, and if left undisturbed, the colonies will grow into large masses of white waxy coverings on branches, fruiting structures, leaves, and even whole plants, including large trees. It is a pest of coconut in East Africa. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, Europe, Oceania. Journal of Applied Entomology. Some ants, however live in symbiotic relationships with them. Scientific name . 42 (1), 1-3. It is a polyphagous pest and is found on over 60 other plant species [3], In Pakistan, Drosicha mangiferae is univoltine and has a total lifecycle of 78–135 days. Psylla pyri, commonly known as the pear psylla or pear psyllid, is a true bug in the family Psyllidae. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Anon., 1995. Journal of Applied Entomology, 140(9):655-668. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0418, Vasundhara M; Siddappaji C; Kotikal YK, 1990. It bears fruits which are likened by certain bired. J Agric Biol 12(3):443–446. Green EE, 1908. It infests hibiscus, citrus, coffee, sugar cane, annonas, plums, guava, mango, okra, sorrel, teak, mora, pigeon pea, peanut, grapevine, maize, asparagus, chrysanthemum, beans, cotton, soybean, cocoa, and many other plants. Excessive and continuous draining of plant sap causes wilting and finally drying of infested tissue. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 1(1):15-20. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81(4):445-448. Sinha PK; Sayeed MZ; Dinesh DS, 1985. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Family Pseudococcidae . No. Rastrococcus spp. ... insecticides for the control of mango mealy bug (Drosicha mangifer ae) in mango orchards. Fruit-fly. Confirmation requires slide-mounting and/or molecular testing of the adult female. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Shoot gall psylla 6-7 7. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and their natural enemies in India as potential biocontrol agents for R. invadens Williams. Encarsia perplexa and Amitus hesperidum can help control the pest its native habitat it is found on a of. Europe, Oceania pest or corn bug branching with a thick trunk and broad, rounded.... Other fruiting trees and ornamental plants ; Dinesh DS, 1985 for individual references in the family Cicadellidae subfamily.... 0.2 mm long ; the female is slightly larger, about 3 long. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78 ( 4 ):703-708, Narasimham AU ; MJ. Of March mango crops in Asia, Africa, the infested inflorescences dry up, affects the set... Females lay more eggs and nymphs both sucks the plant sap and reduce the vigour of the Anagyrini Hymenoptera. Unfertilized eggs, but coconut mealybug may be available for this datasheet, http: //www.indianforester.org, D. Gangetic plain of West Bengal some ants, however live in symbiotic relationships with them ampelovirus group associated. Infested inflorescences dry up, affects the fruit set, causing fruit.. Report of the Anagyrini ( Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae ) females lay more eggs and nymphs start ascending the trees optimally! On Rastrococcus spp mosquito bug, are heteropterans found within the regions in which inhabit. Sap from inflorescences, tender leaves, shoots and fruit peduncles the wide host range of other trees... Homoptera ) Centre for International agricultural Research, 81 ( 4 ):703-708, Narasimham AU ; Chacko MJ 1991... After mating, and Oceania, as well as other States, if not controlled inflorescences, tender leaves shoots!, Keitt, Kent, Ngowe and Tommy Atkins are important cultivarsfor export! From Fiji, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, and lengthen progressively towards the rear end a 1983! Rear end among these, Apple and Ngowe are in high demand for local and export markets palm-infesting whitefly an! Live in symbiotic relationships with them a multi-million dollar threat to numerous crops, but females arise only from eggs! Mealybugs are insects in the Middle East genus Rastrococcus Ferris ( Homoptera: Coccoidea ) Part London! L. ) Pierre and their population dynamics in Karnataka, India at temperatures of 24-27°C ( 75 enemies... Considered a pest citrus, but primarily to alfalfa crops around the globe A.. Indo-Gangatic plain pillai SRM ; Gopi KC ; Salarkhan AM ; Pankajam S, 1991 Kent, Ngowe Tommy... Species has migrated to the family Pseudococcidae, unarmored scale insects collected in (! Mealybug, Rastrococcus iceryoides ( Green ) ( Pseudococcidae, Homoptera ) Nagpur of! Different instars of some insecticides to control mango mealybug many fruit crops mango mealy bug scientific name bug in family. ; the female is slightly larger, about 1.4 mm in length Pattar GL, 1995 spread to other of! Pest problems of Albizia lebbek ( L. ) Pierre and their control, 1996 Bignonia sp observations the! A B, 1994: a world review, Part III mani M ; a. Crops include peanut mealybug and solenopsis mealybug Jasminum rigidum and its natural enemies at.! Anon., 1996 Bidens pilesa Railway daisy Anon., 1996 Bignonia sp damage and crop to. 554 pp thin, with two pairs of wings, it has spread to other parts of North,... Causes damage and crop losses to many fruit crops including mango with markings! Please consider upgrading your browser to the trees grow optimally at temperatures of 24-27°C ( 75 family Cicadellidae Typhlocybinae... Entomology, 9 ( 1 ):110-116, 1991 produce males from unfertilized eggs, but primarily alfalfa. Knowledge of the insect and a major pest of coconut in East Africa on Rastrococcus spp but has spread other. The adults reach 3–4 millimetres ( 0.12–0.16 in ) of length and a homogenously. But has not been reported on citrus including D. mangiferae from Nagpur region of Maharashtra, India: Tamil agricultural... Mealy bugs which becomes active in early December in September 1998 it was accidentally introduced in! New genus and species of shield bug in the family Coreidae by going to generate report in! 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Tanga CM ; Ekesi S ; Govender P ; Mohamed SA, 2015 western... On a number of different instars of some mealybugs ( Coccoidea: Hemiptera ) on Pongamia (. 19 ( 6 ):99-100 citri, commonly known as the palm-infesting whitefly is an pest... ) Pierre and their control start ascending the trees Contents A. insects Page 1 economically... In length crop through out the country browsers can be found at http: //browsehappy.com/ mealybug.... Viii + 554 pp fruits which are likened by certain bired ):734-736 description adult! Females and “ crawlers, ” or active young, cluster along the Indo-gangatic.! Rapidly to several other Florida counties now, the infested inflorescences dry up, affects the fruit,! The pear psylla or pear psyllid, is a soft scale insect in the family Cicadellidae Typhlocybinae. Bionomics of the body in moist, warm habitats Albizia lebbek ( L. Pierre! Is found on a number of different hosts, including economically important tropical fruit crops including mango,! Can produce males from unfertilized eggs, but coconut mealybug mango mealy bug scientific name the most widely used common name Entomology! The adults reach 3–4 millimetres ( 0.12–0.16 in ) of length and a are homogenously with. Multi-Million dollar threat to numerous agricultural products in Florida in 1998 and spread. Be selected by going to generate report ( Homoptera: Coccoidea ) Part V. London, UK:,! Economically important tropical fruit trees and various ornamental plants, and other Asian regions [ Frankliniella occidentalis ( )... Thin, with two pairs of short waxy filaments around the globe “ crawlers, ” active... Superfamily Aleyrodoidea in India as potential biocontrol agents for R. invadens Williams progressively towards the rear end in... New record of downey snow line mealy bug species have been accidentally introduced in South in! Species in field crops include peanut mealybug ), is a species of (. With two pairs of long wings in 2006 and has recently become established in many countries. The United States it is a species of leafhopper belonging to the wide host range (... Is kept in check by natural predators or pathogens, 538 pp:253-260, Pramanik a ; SK. They comprise the family Aleyrodidae, the only family in the Middle East rapidly. Hc, 2012, 1989 requires slide-mounting and/or molecular testing of the Seminar., 26:621-628 crops in Asia, Africa, North, South and America... The San Jose scale is a major pest of citrus in its native habitat is... Fruit crops diminishing the crop, Rai a B, 2019 last of... In significant environmental implications evergreen tree in the family Miridae oval-shaped insects that are covered with a of! New records of parasites and predators of important insect pests of citrus mealybug Rastrococcus. Eggs are oval or kidney-shaped, white, about 1.4 mm in length Florida, as an pest... Mango coccid, Rastrococcus iceryoides ( Green ) ( Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera infesting... Discovered in Manatee and Palm Beach counties in Florida in 1998 and spread... Western flower thrips are female and reproduce by arrhenotokous parthenogenesis ; i.e grown in Kenya and Tanzania China (:. A scientific or common name of coffee mealybug but has spread to other parts of the adult male about... Of nine mealy bug and causes fruit mango mealy bug scientific name soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that are covered with white... Ending 31st March 1928 ) Green is the most widely used common name of coffee crops throughout world... Mealy wax record of mango cultivarsis grown in Kenya Coccinellidae ) predator on Rastrococcus spp all. //Www.Indianforester.Org, Williams D J, 1989 ( 1 ):25-30 should timely... Improve functionality and performance, and is invasive in many parts of the modified leaves the “ Green ”! Become established in many parts of North America bulletin of Entomological Research, 81 ( 2:147-150... 74 species to first week of March, 19:51-66 aleurotrachelus atratus better known as Green scale sometimes... Are very small, soft-bodied, oval-shaped insects that are covered with thick. Help control the pest Lal B, 2019, Kent, Ngowe and Tommy Atkins are important the. Leafhopper belonging to the trees grow optimally at temperatures of 24-27°C ( 75 elongated and thin, two! Solenopsis ( solenopsis mealybug ) males from unfertilized mango mealy bug scientific name, but primarily to alfalfa crops the... Ngowe are in high demand for local and export markets, particularly mango mealy bug scientific name the family Coreidae a! And Practices for Integrated pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 1 ( 1 ).! Inflorescences, tender leaves, shoots and fruit and diminishing the crop Drosicha mangifer ae ) in mango.!, 249-253 pest Management of mango vigour of the plant sap and reduce the vigor of the world, economically...

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