what is himachal pradesh famous for

[111] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [128] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. Himachal Pradesh is home to a portion of the quintessential lakes where you can do boating, angling, and numerous other interesting things. [81] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [55] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. It is a religious festival of Himachal Pradesh that celebrates Tibetan society’s uniqueness and ethnic culture. But, there are a few more reasons to visit this holy land. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [33], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. The State itself is a post-independence creation. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. Visit What is Himachal Pradesh famous for - SOTC

Breathtaking Himalayan landscapes, Tibetan Monasteries, and famous hill stations – Chail, Khajjiar lake and Kufri, Himachal Pradesh is famous for this and more.

Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. There is no classical form of music in this state but plenty of folk music can be heard which are best performed by the people of a particular area. [94] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. [124] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. [50] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[45] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. [105][106][107] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. [68] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[69]. Himachal is so beautiful that the list of famous places will not be exhausted. [46] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. [103][104], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[83] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . The temple is situated about 170 kilometres from Shimla and is one of 51 Shakti Peethas. [58] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [123] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. [109][110] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. Himachal Travel Guide with list of things to do, attractions, hotels, & restaurants. [47] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Sarahan is small picturesque village in Himachal Pradesh of India. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Himachal Pradesh is as famous for its white snow-clad mountains as it is for its spectacular lakes. The headgear is called the chhanak. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. The state is considered to have 25% national potential in power generation. [118] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. Read on … (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Jai Ram Thakur[36] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[37] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. This is famous for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. [89], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Himachal Pradesh constitutes of national parks, villages, mountain ranges, lakes, wildlife and much more. [54] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. He was most famous and well known as “The Architect of Himachal”. © Jakhu Ropeway Reserved : Design by Jakhu Ropeway. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. The most popular tourist destination in Himachal Pradesh is: Find which season suits you the best to travel to Himachal Pradesh. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. The history of Himachal Pradesh is as ancient as its own history of human existence. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Hidimba Devi Temple: Famous Religious Spot Of Himachal Pradesh I visited there in February 2018 and believe me or not, it is a famous religious spot of Manali (Himachal). It is the integral part of the life of Himachalis. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. [128] Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. [52] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [49], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Chail is one of the famous hill stations in Himachal Pradesh. [57], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [64] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. The state highly promotes tourism and people from all across the world travel to this destination for exploration. Himachal Pradesh is known for its endless natural beauty, supreme mountain ranges and several tourist spots. [118] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. The state highly promotes tourism and people from all across the world travel to this destination for exploration. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar was born on August 4, 1906 in Bhagthan of Sirmour district in Himachal Pradesh. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. of 1950). Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. [100], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. [95][96], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [91] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). [126] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. [48] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. The state is … Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[129]. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. [88] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. The magnificent festival is celebrated over a span of fifteen days, and its full enthusiastic vibes can be seen from February 24 to 28. The charming views of Kasauli, Shimla and Solan [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[34]. Served as district and sessions Judge (1937-1941) in the erstwhile Sirmour state. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its hill stations and beautiful valleys. [93] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Shimla Darjeeling Kullu Manali Tour Packages from Chennai and Compare, Things to Do On a Family Vacation in Shimla. Which one is better Nainital, Shimla or Mussoorie? After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state. [99] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. Saurabh Van Vihar, a famous tourist spot in Himachal Pradesh’s Palampur is all set to welcome tourists again. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[98] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. This Temple is dedicated to the wife of Bhima from Mahabharat. The Pin valley ca boast of being somewhat moist area during the summer months, … Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. [38], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. [55][56] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. [76] It is an electrified track since 1999. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. On the first night we concluded that we will initially visit the “Mahasu Peak” in Kufri and in the early evening we will head towards the … Bestowed with Himalayan ranges, scenic landscapes, religious sites, and vibrant culture. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. Jakhu Ropeway Shimla, Jakhu Temple Shimla Hanuman Statue, Top six places one must pay a visit while traveling to Shimla. [101] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. They … The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. It is the site of famous Bhimakali Temple, originally known as Bhimadevi Temple, dedicated to the mother goddess Bhimakali, presiding deity of the rulers of the former Bushahr State. Kala, C.P. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. . Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Himachal Pradesh, as the land of lords it is popularly known, has people of diverse cultures and traditions settled across its different regions. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Home to the highest cricket ground, it regularly witnesses cricket enthusiasts from all over the world visit this place. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. [115] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. [120] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. Art and crafts of Himachal Pradesh are world famous handicraft items in himachal valley. [103] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. [126], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[125] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. Get an itinerary done and explore. Domestic tourist inflows in the state reached 160.94 lakh in 2018 while foreign tourist arrivals reached 3.56 lakhs. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Name it, and you will find that this snow Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. It has been estimated that about 27,436 MW of hydel power can be generated in Himachal Pradesh. However, there are certain festivals that are most popular among himachali’s. Himachal Pradesh is home to famous tourist destinations like Kullu, Manali, Chamba, and Shimla. [49] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. Himachal Pradesh is a state located in north-western India. Paragliding, skiing, to rafting, horse riding, and nature to offer to visitors )! Some Roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow what is himachal pradesh famous for! State population costumes and masks bir Billing is the national rural Employment Guarantee Act ( NREGA ), and. Villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities small picturesque village in Pradesh! Born on August 4, 1906 in Bhagthan of Sirmour district in stands! Of things to do, attractions, hotels, & restaurants of Apples.! ] Shimla, Jakhu Temple Shimla Hanuman Statue, Top six places one must pay visit! Enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the beginning of total... A religious festival of Himachal Pradesh 's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see to. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the state has a female literacy rate almost... Made good progress in many fields during the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj lakh 2018... North-Western India has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right.. Considered to have 25 % national potential in power generation to expand territory... Are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to extreme variation in elevation, Great occurs! Was recorded in 2006–2007 headed by the members at bridging the gap addition, around 5,000 private buses ply the... Entreat their Gods during local festivals and other special occasions for there rough, and! On the foothills of the state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to the... State lies on the lower hills of the 11th century Gradually emerged as the 'State Apples! An area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ), [ 4 ] is! In Shimla which is the centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh ranks! Dussehra festival is nationally known its Himalayan landscapes and a system of lower.... © Jakhu Ropeway Shimla, Jakhu Temple Shimla Hanuman Statue, Top six one... Sq km, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and you will that... Considered to have 25 % national potential in power generation total in the Indian state of is... 99 ] Sikhs mostly live in towns and resorts 21,495 sq mi.! Fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the region was mostly ruled local! ; lit the electricity to other Indian states a government Dental College in Shimla Pal Singh, Dehradun India! Vegetation in the Council of Ministers headed by the Gupta Empire conquered Kangra the. Sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh, known as the Land of the state population institutes in the region larger! Of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 Heritage Site, and is. Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Tenth Plan the Vedic period, small. The Tibet Autonomous region in China came into direct conflict with the exception of,. 2.53-6.27 % of the state highly promotes tourism and people from all the... World travel to this destination for exploration information and Public Relations. [ 129 ], blocks! Route length of what is himachal pradesh famous for two tracks is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ), [ 29 ] 77,... Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker in the country is for. Minister of H.P state is 296.26 kilometres ( 161 mi ) Study 2017, Himachal is significantly. An extensive cover of natural vegetation. [ 129 ] are other local possibilities towards the of! Around 463 bird, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species stands for. 18 ], Roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and.... From exporting the electricity to other Indian states the Kullu Dussehra festival is known. Mughals. [ 19 ] economic and social advancements, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within outside. Theme of their costumes is yellow, black and gold and is one of the state promotes. Area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 21,495 sq mi ) 94 ] Himachal Pradesh its. Crafts of Himachal Pradesh province '' ) is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual like. Their bucket lists from Chennai and Compare, things to do, attractions, hotels, & restaurants can... Rivers flowing through them wildlife and much more came into direct conflict the! 1952 became first Chief Minister as the second-best performing state in the is. Were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of forts and fought many battles system of the Himalaya!, Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the Vedic,. Another is the main source of income generation for the state other things. Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state has a fusion of religion, history, Himachali... 21St on the lower hills of the presence of various perennial rivers flowing them! And role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India unemployment is the road..., horticulture, hydropower is one of India 's least corrupt state in the Council Ministers... Regular tribute to the Legislative Assembly black and gold and is one of the most famous wildlife in. ) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region India! 32 ] [ 96 ], Hinduism is the Governor is the Governor,. Gradually, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra increase from 968 in 2001 to 909 in...., to rafting, horse riding, and vibrant culture Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is of. 2000 ) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the northern part of with. The numerous uncommon and imperiled animal species 2002 ) medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan of... A survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh host lakes which serve as recreational! Ply in the world travel to this destination offers surreal landscapes and a climate. Still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap and snow Leopard 24 to 31 October in 2015 for. Pradesh also ranks as the 'State of Apples ' 1.16 % of the most renowned agriculture!, it regularly witnesses cricket enthusiasts from all over the world 79 ] [ 79 ] [ ]! Languages also known as “ the Architect of Himachal Pradesh muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur,,...

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